Got a malfunctioning lighting fixture in one area of your house? While it is generally recommended to leave electrical works in the hands of a professional electrician for safety purposes, many homeowners still prefer to do some simple and minor electrical projects on their own to save money.
Electricians at www.electricianatlanta.net remind us that changing some light fixtures may require the help of a professional electrician, but if you feel confident of your DIY skills and decide to install a new lighting fixture on your own, a little knowledge and the right electrical tools can make the task slightly less intimidating. Here is a step-by-step guide on how to install a new light fixture.
Electrical works including installing a lighting fixture require careful planning and preparation to avoid the dangers associated with electricity.
To start with, decide what type of lighting fixture and bulb will work best in the room or area of the house where you need the new lighting installed. Next, prepare the tools and materials you will need for this project. Generally, you will need the following:
- Light Fixture
- Wire Strippers
- Electrical Tape
- Wire Nuts or Wire Connectors
- Circuit Tester
- Step Ladder
- Work Light or Flashlight
Installing the Lighting Fixture
When working with electrical connections, typically the hot wire is indicated by the black wire, the white is the neutral one, and the bare copper wire is for grounding. If the wires have the same color or have other corresponding colors, you will have to do the testing which isn’t complicated to do, anyway.
To test the wires, connect one end of the circuit tester to one of the wires that connect to the lighting fixture, while the other end of the tester should connect to the ground wire. You will know that it is a hot wire if it causes the circuit tester to light up. For your future reference, use black electrical tape to mark the hot wire.
Now that you have identified which wire corresponds to hot, ground, and neutral, you can begin with the installation.
Step 1: Shut the power off from the main source or the circuit breaker.
Step 2: Unscrew the light fixture that you need to replace. Remove the wires carefully. Set aside the old lighting fixture.
Step 3: Position the mounting bracket, making sure to secure it properly using the screws that supported the old lighting fixture.
Step 4: Connect the white wire in the ceiling to the white wire in the light fixture, so you have a neutral to neutral connection. Twist the ends of the wire clockwise and then screw the wire nut on clockwise.
Step 5: Connect the hot wire in the ceiling to the hot wire in the lighting fixture (black to black). Secure the connection with a wire nut.
Step 6: Connect the ground wire from the ceiling to the ground wire in the lighting fixture. Secure the connection with a wire nut or using a twist-on wire connector.
Step 7: Mount the fixture to the box. Make sure to tighten the screws in place, so the fixture is positioned firmly and not moving around.
Step 8: Screw the light bulb securely into the fixture.
Step 9: Turn the power back on at the circuit breaker, and then test your newly installed lighting fixture.